Failure in the functioning of the immune system is a threat to a living being’s defense system. There no certainty to identify the organ or part of a body that will be affected by autoimmune disease. When the immune system starts to fight against its antibodies under a perception that they are foreign substances, the actual function of the immune system itself is damaged. These diseases don’t have particular criteria to attack an organ or part of the body. Based upon the signs in a particular part, the disease is treated. The autoimmune disease that affects the skin of a dog is Pemphigus. Every dog owners should be aware of the Auto Immune Disorder Info as a precautionary step.
As mentioned in http://acvn.org/, there are many certified veterinary doctors who help the dog owners in the treatment of their pets. Autoimmune disease affecting the skin is rare, and it is termed as Pemphigus. The cause, signs, symptoms, and treatments are discussed below.
What is Pemphigus?
Pemphigus foliaceous is the scientific name given to the autoimmune disease caused on the skin of dogs. It reduces the moisture in the skin, and as a result, the skin becomes dry, crusty as a result of swellings with pus. This disease initially starts on the face and ears and gradually spreads to the other skin areas. Though the internal organs are not damaged in this disease, the skin under the crusty area becomes painful. When this disease occurs, the immune system thinks the actual skin itself as a foreign agent and reacts to it, causing swelling and pustules leaving the skin crusty.
What are the causes?
The exact reason of this autoimmune disease is unknown. In certain breeds of dog, it is a genital line passing disease. This is a lifetime disease, which cannot cure but only the symptoms can be controlled. Once the dog is affected by this disease, it has to suffer from it throughout the life. By conventional treatment, the signs and symptoms can be reduced.
What are the symptoms and how it is diagnosed?
The overall symptom is crusty skin, itchiness in skin, cracking of the foot pad, swollen pustules, lesions, feverish condition. This disease is diagnosed by a proper skin biopsy. The skin for the test is usually taken after giving general anesthesia.
What is the treatment?
The treatment for this disease is to suppress the immune system of the dog, thereby suppressing the symptoms. Usually oral or injection medications are provided for this condition. Medication with high dosage glucocorticoids like Prednisone is commonly used for useful results. Though this drug can lead to side effects like frequent urination, weight gain, panting and increased appetite, there is no other medication that can suppress the effect of Pemphigus. So after taking drugs, the dogs should be carefully monitored for evaluating the side effects. Since exposure to sunlight can cause more issues to the skin, it is suggested to keep the pets inside the house. If going out is needed, sunscreen blocker can be used.
Pet lovers should take the time to examine any difference in physical appearance or behavior of their pets at regular intervals.